- passionately interested in the field
- intelligent, logical and capable
- well-prepared academically and personally
- able to take on the challenges of grad school
- able to establish good rapport
- able to finish the graduate degree on-time, and
- an outstanding representative of the school
How important is the SOP?
Admission committee members have often mentioned that an SOP can be the deciding factor when they consider an application. The student’s statement of purpose could give them an edge over their peers.
Considering your SOP is a part of your application that you are completely in control of, you should spend as much time as possible to ensure you write a powerful one.
What is the committee looking for in a student’s SOP?
Tell the committee your story. Show them what makes you the person that you are as when they read your SOP, they are trying to put a face to your application.
In addition, they also want to know why you have selected their program over similar programs at other universities. Tell them why you have selected their program and how it is essential to realizing your future career goals.
Not only is the committee trying to assess your eligibility for the program, but they also want to better understand your personality. In terms of eligibility, they expect to learn about your academic background, volunteer and extracurricular activities, and relevant work experience, if any at all. This is to ultimately understand how all these experiences have prepared you for their program.
Professors also look for a student’s passion for the subject and the enthusiasm to learn.
They also try to gauge whether there are inconsistencies between the student’s story, and the letters of recommendation. Also, do ensure you do not write a one-size-fits-all SOP for every university you apply to, as this is something that professors do not like.
Many universities also have their own SOP specifications, so always ensure you have read their guidelines.
The First Impression
While many admission committee members have mentioned that they do read all the SOPs, it is still important to create a strong first impression to have an edge over your fellow applicants. A powerful introduction can also translate to more focus on the part of the reader to what is being said throughout your SOP.
What to avoid
According to Amit P. Sheth, who has over 20 years of experience serving on an admissions committee and is presently the Director of Kno.e.sis at Wright State University, he always tries to assess whether the candidate’s SOP is original.
After years of reading SOPs, he says most committee members know whether a Statement of Purpose has been written by a student. He does this because it gives him a good indication of the candidate’s communications skills, which he believes is all the more important for MS/MA/MBA students. He then looks at whether the candidate has done his/her research on the university, the course, and the faculty. Very often students write a generic essay that can be used for many universities, which makes him lose interest.
Fill in the gaps
You can use your SOP to tell the admission committee about gaps in your academic or professional life. For instance, if you have a good reason for scoring poorly or have a break in work experience, you can mention the reason in your SOP.
As a prospective student, the committee members will often consider your personal background while deciding whether to grant you admission to their program. Informing them of a troubled past, poorer financial background, or health problems, will show them what you have had to endure and give them an idea of the person that you’ve become as a result of these hardships.
To come up with a statement of purpose that meets above criteria, here are the 5 steps to get you started:
STEP 1: Know what your target school is really asking
You should start with checking your target school’s program website for specific details about SOP.
For example, here is what Stanford University mentions about SOP for MS in CSE:
Statement of Purpose – Your Statement of Purpose should be concise, focused, and well written. It should describe succinctly your reasons for applying to the proposed program at Stanford, your preparation for this field of study, research interests, future career plans, and other aspects of your background and interests which may aid the admissions committee in evaluating your aptitude and motivation for graduate study. The Statement of Purpose must be no more than two pages in length, single-spaced.
Here is another example from University of Southern California for MS in EEE:
The statement of purpose should succinctly describe your reasons for applying to the proposed program at the Viterbi School of Engineering, your preparation for this field of study, study interests, future career plans, and other aspects of your background and interests which may aid the admissions committee in evaluating your aptitude and motivation for graduate study.
Basically, both the schools – and majority of the other schools where you would be applying – ask for the following four key questions about your background and interests:
- What you want to study?
- Why you want to study it?
- What experience you have in your field?
- What you plan to do with your degree once you have it?
So, how to go about answering these key questions?
To get you start thinking, we have broken those four key questions into a set of defining questions below.
STEP 2: Answer Defining Questions
These defining questions are meant to help you bring out your story and demonstrate to the Admission Committee why you are special.
A crisp, clear and well-backed story significantly increases your chances of admission into your target school.
What is your dream for the next 10 years? What is your road-map to achieve the same?
Would you be interested in pursuing research or work in the industry after earning your master’s degree?
How will this specific program in these specific institutions, in this specific country, help you? Was there a specific feature or offering that differentiates this program from the rest?
How much experience do you have in the field you are interested in? What kind of experience do you have?
What additional skills are you hoping to gain from the master’s program?
What are your biggest strengths? What achievements demonstrate these strengths?
What is your biggest weakness? How has it affected you till now? What have you done about it?
Apart from work and education, what would the admission committee be interested in knowing about you? Do you have some interesting extracurricular activities or hobbies? Are you actively involved in social work
What are your biggest achievements at college and/or work? What were the situations, complications and results in each of those events?
What are the biggest challenges you have faced in your life? How did you overcome them?
What did you learn from them and how has it changed you personally or professionally?
Is there a particular professor at the university you hope to study with or do research with? If yes, why?
What skills or knowledge do you bring to the university or program that could prove useful?
Do you know about the student culture and community at the university and why do you think you would fit in?
What do you expect to gain from the university and program?
STEP 3: Write First Draft of SOP
Now that you’ve got a list of questions to work on, its time to put together all this information about yourself in the best possible way.
It all starts with a great hook. The university gets lots and lots of applications and if your introduction isn’t great, there’s a high chance that the committee may not read the rest of your SOP.
Watch for how you’re coming across in your SOP. The committee isn’t just paying attention to what you’re saying, but how you’re saying it.
An SOP that reads like a story is always going to be more memorable than an SOP that is a more detailed replication of your CV. However, remember to keep your stories relevant to your application and quantifiable.
Ensure that your SOP has all the information that the committee would require. At the same time, avoid going into too much detail about something that shouldn’t be the focus of your SOP.
While most committees appreciate a conversational tone in an SOP, you have to keep in mind it is part of your application and needs to be formal as well.
STEP 4: Assess, Iterate and Improve till you are satisfied
Your essay is terrific if you get a strong YES for these questions:
- Is your SOP a terrific story that people love? [send it to at least 5 people and get enthusiastic nods from each]
- Do you have a great opening paragraph that grabs the reader’s attention? [oftentimes, the admission committee will not go beyond your first paragraph if you cannot hook them with your opening]
- Have you showcased the most life-changing event in your life and how is it affecting your career and academic aspirations?
- With the number of applications every program receives, you need to ask yourself if you’ve clearly explained why you are the right candidate for the program.
- Ensure that you’ve really done your research on the program. You don’t want to give the committee the impression that you’ve copied whatever they’ve posted on their website in your SOP? [Brownie points for students that have read research papers of professors in the stream and university that they want to apply to. You should be able to add a lot of value to your SOP by telling them which papers you liked and what you liked about them.]
- Is it really clear why you have selected a particular university and program, and why is this university and program the best option for your profile?
So until you reach yes for all the above questions, keep iterating and improving every word, sentence and idea of your SOP.
Feel free to reach-out to your friends, family and professors for feedback on your SOP. Many of them would be more than happy to proof-read and help you clarify your thoughts.
STEP 5: Go through References & Samples
When I was eleven, my aunt Eva passed away and left me something that changed my life: a library of about five thousand books. Some of my best days were spent arranging and reading her books. Since then, I have wanted to be a librarian.
Comments: Quite interesting, direct, new spin to reading and catches your attention in a unique way and professors will remember this student who had her own library!
I am honored to apply for the Master of Library Science program at the University of Chicago because as long as I can remember I have had a love affair with books. Since I was eleven I have known I wanted to be a librarian.
Comments: Boring because they know which program you are applying for. You are saying nothing of great value, and this is a boring start!
Organization of SOP
- A “hook” that demonstrates your passion for the field
- Explain your background in the field
- Showcase your deep interest in the field
- Description of your academic background in the field
- Specific classes you have taken, given by name
- Specific professors you have had, especially if well-known in that field
- Extracurricular activities in the field
- Publications or other professional accomplishments in the field (perhaps conference presentations or public readings)
- Explanations about problems in your background (Only if needed)
- Explanation of why you have chosen the specific grad school
- Mention a professor or professors with research that intrigues you and mention why you would like to learn from them and work with them
- Specific features of the grad program that attract you
SOP Sample Skeleton
Start with your favorite quote and describe a life-transforming event that made you select the stream that you want to pursue. Be sure to convey your passion for the stream and not just state that you are passionate about it.
In other words, what are your reasons for choosing to undertake the specified course of study?
A write-up about academic performance in college, projects and the different things you pursued that helped you gravitate toward your program interest.
Any internship / Extracurricular activities (if applicable).
A write-up about academic performance and why you chose the specific program.
In other words, how is your selected course of study relevant to your previous academic and/or employment background?
What are your goals? What are the skills you will need to achieve those goals? How will the program help you?
In other words, how is your selected course of study relevant to your future education and/or career plans?
Why have you chosen to study in Country X rather than in your home country?
How will this course benefit you when you return to your home country?
Conclude your story.
The reasons for my interest in your Master’s program in Electrical and Computer Engineering are multiple. First and foremost, the branch in itself gives me immense scope to explore. Whenever I look at a gadget, two things strike my mind – what I like and dislike, and why? While the answer to this can be at surface level or profoundly in-depth, depending upon the precision required, I prefer the latter. Not only does it help me understand the system, but it also prepares me for further improving the technology.
Besides, I prefer this course as it is synchronized with my current work and interests. My undergraduate course gave me an opportunity to explore domains of Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Computer Architecture and Networking, Machine Learning and Control Systems. It gave me a multi-domain view and helped me understand the Algorithms, Processing Logics, Controllers, Data Storage System, Power delivery system and the analog and digital Interconnects between them. The interdisciplinary courses offered encouraged me to explore other connected domains like Optics and Fluid dynamics. Two years of work experience at the VLSI industry helped me to understand the architecture, protocol choices and quantum physical limitations of processors in depth. It also taught me how to trigger scenarios to check if a system is performing the desired use case properly.
In my final year project, I used a dimensionality reduction technique to localize objects using sound, which worked well within a small controlled area. But scaling the project to a large area was not as straightforward, and I realized that both my questions of what and why are still mostly unanswered in many domains. I find that Machine learning can give me insight into the unexplored and potentially groundbreaking discoveries. But it needs data and supporting structure, and that is where the domain knowledge from the rest of the courses come into rescue. Once deciphered, the scope of utility is infinite. For example, sound can augment image in localization, especially in scenarios where the scope of imaging is limited, due to line of sight limitations and dimly lit environments. This can help in both disaster recovery drones and autonomous driving. Since localization and separation are intertwined, it can also help in improving speech recognition algorithms.
In addition, your university course provides deep inter-links with my most passionate hobby – audio. Following the lead of my final year project, I am currently experimenting on techniques to parametrize headphones and their drive systems. It has given me inputs across multiple parameters – sound synthesis, the sampling artifacts, filtering and interpolation techniques in DACs, the data transfer protocols, the different types of electrical and mechanical artifacts, and even unexplored areas of fluid dynamics, namely Navier-Stokes continuity equations. It has also helped me get better at coding as well since the tasks are intensive and I am exploring ways to get it as optimized as possible, including GPU acceleration.
Finally, the course relates to the opportunity I have at your campus. I am thrilled to see that the prospects of research opportunities in synchronization with my passion. I was able to find professors specializing in my area of interest. Of them is Professor Dr. Aaron D Lanterman. I find my research
pursuits to align highly with his areas of expertise – target recognition, music synthesis, Image reconstruction, and Radar Systems.
I would do my best to learn and utilize all the information learned from the courses to create better innovations in the field of electrical and computer engineering. I believe that your university is a place that would provide me such great opportunities and guide me to achieve my goal.