The term permanent residence generally refers to an individual who has immigrated to Canada (and has been given permanent resident status in Canada. A permanent resident is not considered as a citizen of Canada, but usually from another country.
It has been seen that many prospective immigrants to Canada are immensely interested in getting Canadian citizenship. But before one can become a Canadian citizen, one has to be a Canadian permanent resident. The result for every Canadian immigration program is Canadian permanent residence.
Once you become a Canadian permanent resident, you will have several rights which include:
Access to the same social benefits similar to any Canadian citizen, which comprises of healthcare coverage, and
the right to live, work, study at any place in Canada;
Protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of 95137 55524 Rights and Freedoms
The right to apply for a Canadian citizenship
Canadian permanent residents also share many of the social responsibilities that are followed by Canadian citizens, such as paying taxes and abiding by Canadian laws. There are only two things that Canadian citizens can do, and a permanent resident can’t. A Canadian permanent resident cannot vote or run for office.
There are also certain restrictions against permanent residents holding specific government positions which require a high-level security clearance. Canadian permanent residents will not get a Canadian passport. If a permanent resident wishes to travel outside the country, they can go with a valid PR card, or a Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD), and also their passport from their country of citizenship.
Permanent residents can also apply for citizenship once they have met specific residency requirements. As a citizen of Canada, they can also apply for a Canadian passport and can freely participate in Canadian politics.
Apart from the ability to participate in Canadian politics, the most crucial difference between permanent residence and Canadian citizenship is that permanent residence must be maintained. Once you have become a Canadian citizen, you do not need to do anything to keep your citizenship. You can only lose your Canadian citizenship if you choose to renounce it.