Understanding the Differences Between General Training and Academic IELTS
1. Purpose and Target Audience:
General Training: It is primarily designed for individuals planning to migrate to English-speaking countries for work or immigration purposes. It assesses practical, everyday language skills relevant to social and workplace contexts.
Academic: It is geared towards individuals pursuing higher education or professional registration in an English-speaking environment. It focuses on academic language skills necessary for success in universities and professional settings.
2. Reading and Writing Tasks:
General Training: Reading tasks include texts from sources like newspapers, magazines, notices, advertisements, and company handbooks. Writing Task 1 involves letter writing, while Task 2 requires essay writing on general topics.
Academic: Reading tasks involve texts from academic sources such as journals, textbooks, and articles. Writing Task 1 requires describing visual information (graphs, charts and tables) and Task 2 involves essay writing on academic topics.
3. Listening and Speaking Content:
General Training: The listening section focuses on everyday social and workplace communication scenarios. The speaking section assesses the ability to communicate in practical situations, such as discussing familiar topics and expressing opinions.
Academic: The listening section involves educational contexts, such as lectures and discussions. The speaking section emphasises academic language and tasks, such as presenting information and participating in academic discussions.
4. Scoring Criteria:
General: Scoring in this variant is based on clarity, coherence, and appropriateness in a broad context.
Academic: This test evaluates the ability to understand and use complex academic language. The score is based on the analysis and presentation of information in an academic context.
General Training: It is accepted by immigration authorities in English-speaking countries and may be required for certain non-academic employment situations.
Academic: It is widely accepted by educational institutions globally for admission purposes.