As part of the job, you will be responsible for developing all the visual elements that a user interacts with, in a software application.
If you decide to become a back-end developer, you will need sufficient knowledge and know-how of functional core logic, design, implementation, performance and the scalability of software.
As a back-end developer, good languages to know include Python, C++, C, Java, Ruby, Perl, Scala, and Go.
As a full-stack developer, you will require the skills of both front-end and back-end developers. By performing a combination of these tasks, you will be able to create a completely functional application by yourself.
As a middle-tier developer, you should be able to write non-UI code that runs in a browser. You will be expected to perform a little bit of front-end and back-end programming.
If developing websites sounds exciting to you, the ‘web developer’ career is the path for you. To begin with, you will need to know HTML and CSS.
As a desktop developer, you will work on software applications that run on desktop operating systems like Mac OS, Windows, and Linux.
Knowledge of GUI Toolkits such as XAML, Gtk, Cocoa, and WinForms is essential.
If writing code for applications on smartphones and tablets sounds appealing to you, becoming a mobile developer is an excellent option for you.
You will need to know the ins and outs of mobile operating systems like Android and iOS. You should be able to write software on these operating systems and have a sound understanding of the development environment.
Knowledge of Swift, Objective-C, and Java are recommended.
If you aspire to become a graphics developer, you should be able to write software for lighting, shading, shadowing, rendering, and culling, among others.
Common industries of employment for graphics developers include video production and gaming.
As a graphics developer, you should know programming languages like Assembly, C++, and C, and be comfortable using frameworks such as Unity 3D, DirectX, OpenGL, and WebGL.
As a game developer, a combination of various developing skills is recommended. In addition to being able to write programs, these developers usually have skills such as designing and creating interactive and engaging experiences.
As a data scientist, you will write software programs that analyze data. If machine learning, predictive modeling, statistical analysis, and data visualization sound appealing to you, consider this as a career option.
You should know languages such as Python, R, and SQL as these are commonly used by data scientists today.
Big Data Developer
As a big data developer, you will need to use frameworks and distributed storage systems. Hadoop, Spark, and MapReduce are worth learning. Also, knowing languages such as R, Python, Java, and SQL is a good idea.
Your job would involve writing software programs that center on the storage and retrieval of large quantities of data in systems. These systems include relational databases, data warehouses, data management systems, and extract transform load (ETL), among others.
If you are interested in becoming a DevOps developer, you will need a working understanding of technologies that will help you create, deploy, integrate and administer distributed systems and back-end software.
Some of these technologies include the HashiCorp stack, Docker, Kubernetes, Jenkins, and Apache Mesos.
As a CRM developer, you will have to work on systems that collect consumer data. The focus of a CRM developer is to improve a customer’s satisfaction and to drive sales. So, as a CRM developer, you will do this by developing and enhancing tools used by account managers, sales representatives, and customer support representatives.
As a CRM developer, knowing SAP, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Sharepoint, and Salesforce, is recommended.
Software Development Engineer in Test (SDET)
As a Software Development Engineer in Test, you will have to write software that determines how good a software system is. Creating tools, tests, and systems to ensure that processes and products run optimally will be your goal.
Some of the languages that are good to know for these types of developers include Selenium, Python, and Ruby.
As mentioned earlier, embedded developers are highly sought after by many companies across the world. As an embedded developer you will work on real-time systems, iOT devices, microcontrollers, electronic interfaces, hardware drivers, serial data transmission, set-top boxes, and other consumer devices, among others.
Knowledge of languages such as C, C++, Assembly, Java or proprietary technologies, frameworks, and toolkits, is recommended.
Increasingly popular, as a WordPress developer, your job will involve creating and customizing plugins and themes for WordPress. Additionally, you will also serve as the administrator for WordPress sites.
As a security developer, you will create systems and procedures to test the security of a system and repair faults in security.
Having a deep understanding of languages like Ruby and Python coupled with the ability to decipher patterns in the attacking of software systems is essential.
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