Over the past two years, there has been a decline in the number of international students at US universities. Now, with the Novel Coronavirus pandemic, this number, in all likelihood, will drop even further.
Following the COVID-19 Outbreak, Donald J. Trump issued a proclamation on March 13, declaring a national emergency and suspended the limited entry of people from the Republic of China, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, the Islamic Republic of Iran, and those from the Schengen regions. On May 24, he included the people of Brazil to this list.
While India doesn’t feature on the list as yet, visas aren’t being processed at the moment. However, It is worth noting that Alice Wells, the outgoing Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs, mentioned that the US wants Indian students to come to the country to study.
The US government is yet to provide information regarding OPT and CPT at the moment.
Earlier update on September 2, 2018
Ever since Trump made clear his intentions regarding the visa policy for immigrants, the number of international students, especially those that follow Islam, have been understandably dropping. These unfriendly policies have definitely impacted Indian students as well. Irrespective of what religion they follow, the number of Indian students wanting to study in the US has been adversely affected.
However, it isn’t all doom and gloom for students still interested in receiving a high-quality education from the US. While the premium processing of H1B visas was suspended in April, this year, the processing was resumed last month. It is also worth noting that there is no cap on the number of H1B visas issued to people in research and academic institutes. For those of you wondering about your chances of securing an H1B visa after graduating from a US university, you should know that as many as 20,000 H1B visas are allotted to graduates from the STEM fields.
Despite the decline in the number of students who wish to pursue their higher education in the US, Indians received far more visas than people of any other nationality in the fiscal year of 2016. While the Chinese received 21,600 visas, Indians received 127,000. These numbers are encouraging, however, Trump has made it clear that he wants to keep the promises he made while campaigning.
Earlier update on February 9, 2017
The new policies by the US president bring good and bad news for Indian students. The bad news revolves around the plans to curtail the OPT (optional practical training) extension period. At present, OPT allows graduate students in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) to stay in the US for as long as three years after their graduation. Around 165,918 Indian students will have their plans affected if the OPT training period is curtailed. Around three-fourths of these students pursue STEM programs.
However, students who stand to face the most difficulties as a result of these visa policies are those who plan to attend lower-tier universities, those applying for non-STEM programs, those who ultimately hope to immigrate to the US, and those relying on an education loan and hope to pay back the loan by getting a job in the US post-graduation.
The good news is that things could possibly change. A federal court rejected Trump’s visa and travel ban on February 5, 2017. Several companies such as Facebook, Google and Microsoft have petitioned against Trump’s proposal, while several universities such as Yale, Northwestern and the University of Virginia have made public appeals against the proposal and declared their support for international students.
If these policies are realized, Indian students will not suffer as much as students from several other countries. Several of Trump’s policies are targeted at China as the US has a large trade deficit against China. Indians, in general, will indirectly benefit from this as several opportunities would shift from the Chinese to Indians. His strict visa policy may result in more IT jobs being off-shored to India as a result of increased costs and talent crunch that would ensue in the US. MNCs like Google, Amazon and Microsoft are already in India, and other large companies may decide to follow.
Indian students have always opted to follow the legal route to enter the US. As a result, Trump’s ban on illegal immigrants would not affect them. The deportation of the illegal immigrants would open up several low-end jobs, which would, in turn, provide Indian students with more part-time job opportunities.
While Trump has tightened the process of acquiring an H1B visa for employees working at low-end IT companies, who hope to gain on-site exposure, he has expressed his interest in attracting brilliant minds to the country. In support of this, he hopes to fast-track the process of acquiring permanent residency for highly qualified foreign workers. As Trump is looking to implement tax concessions for small businesses in order to promote employment in the US, Indian students pursuing their MS in the US will have a greater chance of finding a part-time job.
So, for students who want to know whether they should go ahead with their original plan to study in the US, we say, “Go for it!” While eventual immigration to the US may have been on your agenda, and this may not seem as likely as before, there are other reasons why studying in the US is a great idea. World-class learning, state-of-the-art facilities, avant-garde research and global exposure are just a few really good reasons you should consider the US as an option to study further. The education you receive in the US will help you build your long-term career.
Another option for students who are still interested in immigrating to the US, but are wary to go there, is Canada. Not only is Canada a great place to call home, but students can closely monitor the situation in the US. When the situation in the US normalizes, finding a job and moving to the US will be a much simpler process from Canada.