12th Nov 2022
Afia Azmi

How to Apply for PhD in Canada

Canada is increasingly becoming one of the world's most student-friendly countries for students worldwide. It is also regarded as one of the safest places for people from different cultures. Education in Canada is also less expensive than in the US and the UK, with more benefits and better post-degree job prospects. The cosmopolitan lifestyle of Canada has also attracted scholars from around the world to study PhD in Canada. The PhD cost in Canada for international students varies between 2,500 CAD - 20,000 CAD per year. Canada is also home to some of the top universities worldwide.

Top Courses for PhD in Canada

Some of the top courses for a PhD in Canada are -

Natural Sciences
Natural science is the branch of knowledge that focuses on the world's natural processes. A PhD in Natural Science advances the study of natural science by offering a thorough comprehension of these procedures and how they impact planetary life.

- Mathematics
Students in the PhD programme receive training to work as research mathematicians. The program emphasises in-depth mathematical study that results in a PhD dissertation. Additionally, students learn how to teach and present mathematics and its applications.

- Social Sciences
The complex social ties that exist in human society are the focus of a PhD in social sciences. Students may study topics like economics or politics that are relevant to human society as a whole.

- Humanities
The complex social relationships in human society are the subject of a PhD in the humanities, which may also cover communication studies, social and health services, regional development, and the economy.

- Medicine & Health
A research degree in medicine and health offers the chance to improve the health of people and communities worldwide significantly. With a PhD from the Faculty of Medicine and Health, you can conduct original research in various fields where the faculty has a specialisation.

- Business & Management
The study of business understanding, planning, organising, leading, and monitoring is the focus of the PhD in business management. Understanding business management systems are necessary to manage the corporation efficiently.

- Engineering
PhD in Engineering and Technology is a doctoral programme in this subject area. The PhD Engineering and Technology program's prerequisite is familiarity with computer science and its technical aspects.

- Computer Science & IT
Information security, database systems, compilers, software engineering, and computational theory are just a few possible areas of study for a PhD in computer science. Candidates for a computer science PhD typically do research in close collaboration with faculty members as they seek to finish their dissertation.

Eligibility Criteria to Study PhD in Canada
  • Strong sense and Potential for Research Studies
  • Application Form
  • Resume
  • A master's degree with required academic records
  • Statement of Purpose
  • Letter of Recommendations
  • Required scores of GMAT or GRE or other required exams for the program
  • Proof of language proficiency [IELTS- 6.5 or TOEFL: 100 (iBT)]
Duration of PhD in Canada

Although most courses require at least 3-4 years of full-time study and research, some students choose to enrol for longer periods, typically up to six years.

For the most part, a Master's degree is required for admission to a Canadian PhD programme. However, some universities offer doctoral stream Master's routes that commence with 1 or 2 years of MA or MSc study. These take longer to complete but are appropriate for students who have just received their undergraduate degree.

How to apply for PhD in Canada?

Step 1 - Research your course interest

Take time to do in-depth research on the trending and/or top courses to pursue a PhD in Canada. Check out the course requirements and other relevant criteria you may need to fulfil. Analyse the prospects of choosing such a course, and refer to other courses and their benefits.

Step 2 - Scan the Universities/Colleges

Visit university websites and college websites that you have listed. Check their brochures related to your chosen field and compare their similarities and differences. Compare and check the tuition fees and other accommodation fees per year.

Step 3 - Apply on Time

As instructed, download the application form and read all the details carefully. Checklist all the documents that you are asked for in the form. Compile them and attach them as instructed. Other equally important aspects of the application form include your Statement of Purpose and Letters of Recommendation

  • Make sure you write what you intend.
  • Keep your SoP inspiring but not dull.
  • And make sure that the admission panel sees your potential and curiosity about your chosen field.

Your letters of recommendation must recommend you and not make flowery praises. These letters are also your character certificate and are essential to credit your ardent aspiration towards your field. 

Step 4 - Scholarship Application

Studying in a foreign country is undeniably expensive, of course. To mitigate extra expenses, make a draft plan of your budget. Before this selection, you may also be required to show your financial capability to be accepted into the foreign program. In this application, too, you are required to convince the scholarship provider of your interest and potential benefits in your chosen field. 

Step 5 - Student Visa

After your selection, you must also apply for a study permit or a student visa to study in Canada. Following the completion of your course of 1 or 2 years, you can also obtain a post-study work permit (PSWP) to live and work in Canada for 2 or more years, or you may extend it to Permanent Residency. 

Top Universities and Fees for PhD in Canada
Top Scholarships for PhD in Canada for International Students
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