The importance of biotechnology has come to prominence owing to the technological advancement in terms of research and development. It is a field in biology which is extensively used in engineering, science, medicine, and technology, agriculture and other valuable forms of applications. Some of the reasons for which biotechnology is essential to humans are as follows-
Application of biotechnology in modern era includes the field of genetic engineering. The technology is used to culture cells and tissues for the alteration of a living organism for human purposes. So, the importance of biotechnology in agriculture increases crop production, thereby making it double or even higher than the regular harvest.
Benefits of biotechnology can also be seen in the medical sector. Its technological application includes pharmaceutical products, medicines, along with individual therapy. Biotechnology has offered modern medical devices for diagnostic and preventive purposes, which include diagnostic test kits, vaccines, and also DNA fingerprinting.
With the help of genetic engineering, that is the controlled alteration of genetic material, scientists have been able to create new medicines, which include interferon for cancer patients, synthetic human growth hormone and synthetic insulin, among others. In recent years, scientists have also strived to employ the methods of genetic engineering to correct certain inherited conditions.
Application on biotechnology can also be seen in industrial plants. They are used to give improved effectiveness and support in the production process while reducing the impact on the environmental issue.
Decades of documented evidence talks about agricultural biotechnology, which is a safe and beneficial technology to contribute to both environmental and economic sustainability.
Biotechnology has made it possible with halliophic bacteria, growing in the seawater to be able to re-engineer and grow faster to produce useful products including chemicals, fuels and polymeric materials.
Biotechnology also makes it possible for waste streams to be processed at bio-refineries and converted to valuable chemicals and fuels, thereby closing the production loop with no net waste.
By making use of the power of these natural biological systems, scientists are engineering new methods to transform waste CO2 and C1 molecules into energy, chemicals, fuels, and new materials.
Based on biomaterials, the right combination of tissue engineering and stem cell technologies will replace damaged, old human organs with functional ones soon.
Advances in biotechnology have generated technologies like bio-remediation, bio-regeneration, and bio-augmentation- which are being developed, augmenting their potential in terms of environmental aspects.
Identification of better targets and combining nanotechnology and information technology it will be possible to develop rapid, accurate, and inexpensive diagnostics and prognostics systems.