What is Civil Engineering?
Civil engineering is a professional subject that deals with the planning, development, and upkeep of the built environment, including public works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewage systems, pipelines, making structural elements, and trains.
There have traditionally been several subfields within civil engineering. Military engineering is the oldest subject and is defined to distinguish it from non-military engineering. The public sector includes municipal public works departments up to federal government institutions and the private sector, which comprises locally based enterprises and Fortune 500 global firms.
A civil engineer's duties can be broken down into three groups -
- those done before construction (such as feasibility studies, site investigations, and design);
- those done during construction (such as dealing with clients, consulting engineers, and contractors);
- and those done following construction (maintenance and research).